Acne treatment with topical herbal treatments
Acne is a disease of the sebaceous hair follicle. Each follicle contains a tiny hair and multilobed sebaceous glands.
Sebaceous glands get their name from the oily substance they produce – sebum. Under normal circumstances, sebum travels up the hair follicle and out to the skin surface. However, in acne, sebum is trapped within the follicle. Acne develops on those areas of the skin where sebaceous glands are most numerous: the face, scalp, neck, chest, back, and upper arms and shoulders.
Acne usually begins when the body starts to produce androgens. Androgens cause the sebaceous gland to enlarge, and this is normal. People who develop acne have sebaceous glands that are over-stimulated by androgens. Young women tend to have acne flare-ups that coincide with the hormonal changes associated with their menstrual cycle. These changes affect the sensitivity of their sebaceous glands to androgens.
After the sebaceous gland is stimulated by androgens (this involves an enzyme called type I 5-alpha reductase), it produces more sebum. The oily sebum accumulates in the follicle, and travels up the hair shaft to the surface of the skin. As it travels up the hair shaft it also mixes with normal skin bacteria and dead skin cells that have been shed from the lining of the follicle.
As androgen production increases and sebaceous glands enlarge, the inner lining of skin in the hair follicle also changes. Normally, dead cells inside the follicle shed gradually and get expelled onto the surface. However, during puberty these cells are shed more rapidly and tend to stick together. When they mix with sebum, they can clog the follicle - the cells and sebum form a plug in the follicle.
The clogged follicle becomes a breeding ground for bacteria. Major bacteria are Staphylococcus auureus, as well as Malassazia fungi. Chemicals produced by the bacteria can cause inflammation in the follicle and the surrounding skin.
Allopathic antibiotic treatments
Existing chemical medications include oral treatments for widespread acne. These medications are antibiotic and help to reduce sebum secretions. Being powerful chemical agents, they have caused many cases of irreversible damage to the liver. Additional side effects may include: mental depression, and excessive dryness in various body parts. Also, their usage during pregnancy is prohibited.